6 Strategies For Transitioning To The Cloud
For the last few years we’ve been hearing about the benefits (and all the permutations!) of the cloud. At this point, many of us agree the benefits are sizable and valuable. So, let’s say you’ve finally agreed that it’s time to move to the cloud – what’s next?
First off, it’s worth noting that moving to the cloud doesn’t have to be all-or-nothing. In fact, your best strategy is usually to start by solving a specific problem or taking advantage of a good opportunity. Companies that weren’t “born in the cloud,” meaning any company more than a couple years old, need a plan for going cloud. What new approaches will you adopt in the cloud? What systems will you sunset, and transition to cloud in the next incarnation? What systems work today and will always stay as they are? You may never be 100% cloud—and that’s ok.
But to begin to go cloud, you do need a plan. Here are some strategies for transitioning to the cloud.
1. Be clear on the problem you’re solving
Moving to the cloud should be driven by a real business problem, not by an abstract desire to be in the cloud. For example, need a new HR management solution? Consider starting there. Evaluate the cloud offerings in that space, like Workday, Success Factors, and others. You’ll likely have a faster implementation by going cloud, which means you’ll get value fast, and you’ll be able to start your transition without ripping out something that’s working. And chances are you’ll save money in the bargain.
If you’ve already decided to make a change, look at the toolkit of cloud services and see if there is a good option. Need a new data warehouse? An HR management solution? CRM? Consider starting with cloud there. You’ll likely have a faster implementation by going cloud, which means you’ll get value fast, and you’ll be able to start your transition without ripping out something that’s working. Chances are you’ll save money in the bargain.
2. Leverage the cloud to rethink the way you do things
One of the major advantages of cloud services is that they offer a completely new way of doing things, whether in capabilities or pricing. If you’ve decided to move a system to the cloud, don’t just replicate what you already have. Think of ways to leverage flexible pricing, elasticity and instant provisioning.
Cloud data warehouses are one example of new approaches to old problems. Systems like Amazon Redshift and Google BigQuery can be set up in minutes, as opposed to weeks, and can scale to fit the size of your data. These systems are optimized for analytics and they offer a path to insight from big data from devices, social media, or machine systems.
3. Be as flexible as the cloud itself
The cloud is in a stage of rapid evolution. You have the possibility of prototyping as you go, and adding volume when you’ve got it right. Keep an eye on new technologies and see how you can fit them into your workflows. Your best architecture today may not be your best architecture in a year, or even six months. A bit of tweaking can save you a lot of money.
As you consider new services, take advantage of the flexibility in the cloud. Elasticity is a characteristic of many cloud service. Basically this means you can use (and pay for) a small amount at first and then scale dramatically when your concept is proven out. In the cloud, you can try things out without having to commit massive infrastructure or licensing costs up front.
You can also take advantage of different services to change your cost structure. For example, shifting your file system storage from Amazon S3 to the Amazon Glacier product, which offers slower access at a better cost, can save 2/3 of your storage costs for your data lake.
4. Plan for growth
One of the advantages of a cloud infrastructure is that you can scale up easily— as long as you’ve got the right infrastructure. Take the time upfront to get your systems working as you want them, whether they be cloud applications, data or analytics. For example, you may be able to scale up your data collection overnight in the cloud—but if you’ve set up the wrong schema for collecting it, you’ll have a lot of fixing to do. If your business starts growing, a good system can go a long way with you—but a bad one will only add to your headaches.
5. Give your users a hand (or at least a single sign-on solution!)
One of the challenges with moving to the cloud is that your users may end up with a number of different username and password combinations to remember. Luckily, there’s an app for that. Single Sign-On (SSO) solutions like OneLogin and others let your users use one password for many applications. This can significantly reduce user headaches and make users more open to adopting new solutions. It’s a good idea to favor solutions that use SAML or OAuth so that you can make use of an SSO solution when you’re ready.
6. Enable your organization broadly
The cloud makes mobile access easy, so think about which applications would be more valuable if you integrated them into the flow of business better. Could you give your sales team mobile access to the CRM system or recruiters access to the HR system for when they’re at events?
You can add even more value by broadening access to data. If you’re building a data infrastructure in the cloud, think about how your businesspeople will be able to use that data. If you’re moving to cloud applications, think about how you’ll integrate the data with other data in your enterprise. Otherwise, the limiting factor in your cloud infrastructure will be the time of your data scientists.
One way to do this is to offer access to data, and the insights from it, via an analytics platform that can connect to multiple different kinds of data. This helps people who know your business, and who have the appropriate security access, get value from your data, and from the cloud. And you don’t have to change your analytics platform every time you adopt a new data service.
Those are just a few strategies for moving to the cloud. The good news about the cloud is, it’s flexible, so different approaches will work. Be intentional, be incremental, and enjoy the atmosphere.
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