Despite the India government’s focus on Swachch Bharat Abhiyaan and Smart Cities project, India continues to be among the top five countries generating e-waste, according to a new study released by ASSOCHAM and NEC.
The other countries topping the chart of e-waste generation are China, USA, Japan and Germany. The study was published coinciding with the World Environment Day that’s celebrated on June 5.
In India, Maharashtra contributes the largest e-waste of 19.8 per cent but recycles only about 47,810 TPA (tonnes per annum) whereas as its counterparts Tamil Nadu (13 per cent) recycles about 52,427, Uttar Pradesh (10.1 per cent) recycles about 86,130, West Bengal (9.8 per cent), Delhi (9.5 per cent), Karnataka (8.9 per cent), Gujarat (8.8 per cent) and Madhya Pradesh (7.6 per cent), noted the joint study.
E-waste generated in India is about 2 million TPA, the quantity that is recycled is about 438,085 TPA. In states like Karnataka has 57 units with a capacity to process nearly 44,620 tonnes; Maharashtra, 32 units that can process 47,810 tonnes; Uttar Pradesh, 22 units to process 86,130 tonnes; Haryana, 16 units to process 49,981 tonnes; Tamil Nadu, 14 units for 52,427 tonnes, Gujarat, 12 units for 37,262 tonnes; Rajasthan, 10 units for 68,670 tonnes and Telangana, four units to process 11,800 tonnes.
“High and prolonged exposure to these chemicals/ pollutants emitted during unsafe e-waste recycling leads to damage of nervous systems, blood systems, kidneys and brain development, respiratory disorders, skin disorders, bronchitis, lung cancer, heart, liver, and spleen damage,” the study said.
“The sad part is that a mere 5 per cent of India’s total e-waste gets recycled due to poor infrastructure, legislation and framework which lead to a waste of diminishing natural resources, irreparable damage of environment and health of the people working in industry. Over 95% of e-waste generated is managed by the unorganised sector and scrap dealers in this market, dismantle the disposed products instead of recycling it,” it added.
The global volume of e-waste generated is expected to reach 52.2 million tonnes or 6.8 kg/ inhabitant by 2021 from 44.7 million tones in 2016 at a compound annual growth rate of 20 per cent, according to a joint study on ‘Electricals & Electronics Manufacturing in India,’ conducted by the ASSOCHAM-NEC. The total value of all raw materials present in e-waste is estimated at approximately $61.05 billion in 2016, which is more than the GDP of most countries in the world, pointed out the joint study.
Out of the total e-waste produced in 2016, only 20% (8.9 MT) is documented to be collected properly and recycled, while there is no record of the remaining e-waste. The quantity of e-waste generated worldwide is expected to grow at a rate of 3.15% (CAGR), due to which the estimate for the year 2018 has risen to 47.55 MT, noted the joint study.
The total value of all raw materials present in e-waste is estimated at approximately $61.05 billion in 2016, which is more than the GDP of most countries in the world, pointed out the joint study.